Substance abuse or addiction rehab, such as recovering from addiction to drugs or alcohol, is a way of getting the help you need when you’re unable to quit on your own. It is typically done as an inpatient treatment program, called rehab, though there are outpatient treatments as well. However for most people, they prefer to at least start with inpatient treatment where get stay in the rehab facility until they’re done with the program. Here is an outline of how the process works.
Detox and Withdrawal
Before even getting a tour of the facilities, many people start with detoxification (detox). Detox uses different methods and medications to observe and treat someone shortly after they stop using drugs and alcohol. This is a sensitive period called withdrawal. As the body starts getting used to not having the same chemicals in their system, it revolts. This leads to headaches, nausea, vomiting, fever and chills, seizures, and even more dangerous side effects. Therefore, detox is available at the beginning of rehab to help deal with the worst of the withdrawal symptoms.
After detox is when the patient gets the tour of the facilities, starts meeting their counselors and learns about their rehab program. There are many different types of rehab facilities with different costs, though there should be one available in every major city of the United States. If it is an inpatient rehab program, the patient will go to their room and get a schedule of different meetings and therapy sessions.
Learning About Your Disease
Part of rehab after the detox period is learning about why you abuse or are addicted to certain substances. Many times, the individual isn’t aware of the damage they are doing to themselves or others around them. The education portion also includes a potential dual-diagnosis, where they discover if mental issues are leading to the addiction, which is common. They may have a mental disorder like depression, anxiety disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder, along with addiction.
Counseling and Therapy
Rehab programs also include individual and group counseling and therapy sessions. Many times, rehab facilities request family therapy, where family members come to the facility to the visit the person getting treatment. This is where they learn communicate effectively and in constructive ways. Group counseling and support groups are also available and a big part of rehab. Patients are expected to participate in these as well, as it is helpful for the management of their disease.
After the individual is released from the rehab facility, they usually qualify for an after-care program. This is to provide tips and information for maintaining their sobriety and avoiding certain triggers for their alcoholism or drug addiction. Going back into society is often the most difficult part of rehab, so the program is available to help make the transition a little easier.