A lot of people tend to be skeptical of the claim that alcoholism is a disease, and while this is understandable it typically had to do with ignornance about what is a disease, the effects of alcoholism, etc.
So let’s start at the beginning:
What Is a Disease?
According to Merriam-Webster a disease is “ a condition that prevents the body or mind from working normally” and the second definition is “a problem that a person, group, organization, or society has and cannot stop”
What is Alcoholism
While we could write volumes on what is alcoholism the easiest answer is alcoholism is an addiction to the consumption of alcohol or the compulsive behavior resulting from that alcohol dependency.
Does Alcoholism Qualify As a Disease?
This is actually a pretty regular on going debate but a study from 2001, McLennan et al. compared the diagnoses, inheritability, etc of alcoholism to diabetes and the correlation is pretty striking.
Beyond that, look at the definition above “a condition that prevents the body or mind from working normally” it seems pretty apparent that alcoholism (and addiction in general) certainly qualifies.