Death can be directly linked to alcohol and substance abuse. For this reason, more people who suffering with an addiction are choosing alcohol and drug rehab in order to get help and improve their condition. Alcohol and drug rehab refers to different processes of treating dependencies on alcohol, prescription drugs, or street drugs such as heroin and cocaine.
There are various approaches used in treating alcohol and substance abuse. Some people try to handle their problems alone, while other people will choose to register with a rehab center. Many drug rehabilitation centers offer in-house programs, such as “sober houses, counseling, and other forms of medical care. In these cases, medical professionals will work with patients to target the specific causes that trigger their need to use drugs or consume alcohol. As a result, the focus of treatment is not the addiction alone. Moreover, there are two main types of treatment, which are psychological and medical. The type of treatment used will depend on the severity of the patient’s addiction.
Psychological treatment can involve cognitive-behavioral therapy, which is used to help sufferers recognize and cope with the situations in which they feel that they are most likely to relapse. Another form of psychological treatment is multi-dimensional family therapy, and this is used to help individuals reintegrate back into their families after they have recognized they have an addiction. Motivational interviewing can also be included under the category of psychological treatment; this involves encouraging patients to continue therapy and providing them with incentives if they succeed in obtaining the help that they need. The incentives are meant to help patients avoid relapsing. In drug and alcohol rehab centers, patients can benefit from support groups, which focus on working together to avoid relapsing. However, there are support groups that also focus on exercise, meditation, and spiritual forms of treatment. Moreover, psychological therapy can involve listening to motivational speakers and learning from the success stories of others. Most importantly, patients are encouraged to avoid interacting with people who have alcohol and substance abuse problems; this can be difficult for patients because they typically feel close to the individuals who provide the substances and support the addictions.
In contrast, medical treatment refers to the process of using medications, such as methadone and buprenorphine, in order to help patients overcome their addictions to drugs and alcohol. Methadone and buprenorphine are intended to reduce cravings for opiates; however, patients can also become addicted to these types of medications. Naltrexone is another drug that is typically used to help people with addictions to drugs and alcohol; it is used for the purpose of blocking the drug's euphoric effects on the body and mind. At the same time, it can reduce the cravings for alcohol. Moreover, naltrexone is considered more effective in fighting the cravings for alcohol when patients are abstinent from alcohol consumption. Methadone and buprenorphine are considered more effective in fighting cravings for drugs, such as heroin or cocaine. Additionally, acamprosate and disulfiram are used in treating additions to alcohol. In particular, acamprosate is given to patients who have severe dependencies on alcohol; it is known to help patients avoid drinking and maintain abstinence for weeks or months. On the other hand, disulfiram is known for having the same effects on patients, but they are likely to experience side effects such as nausea, flushing, and heart palpitations.
Although detoxification is important, many cases show that it is not enough to help sufferers overcome their addictions. Once they are “clean” or “sober,” patients need to work on relapse prevention by either avoiding high-risk situations or learning how to cope in those types of situations.
Drug and alcohol rehab cannot help everyone; however, most people who follow a rehabilitation program that includes both psychological and medical forms of treatment are able to learn how to fight their cravings and move past their need for drugs and alcohol.