It has been said that prescription drug abuse is growing at an alarming rate throughout the country. A survey from 2004 suggested that more than 6.3 million Americans report the current use of prescription drugs for nonmedical reasons than they had in the previous year. Opiates and related drugs like pain reliever drugs are considered to be the leading type of drug that eventually causes addiction. Depending on the type of drug that is used, there are many different types of long term effects on the body. Those who use opioids may experience liver damage, respiratory depression leading to death, and physical dependence. Depressants can cause liver damage, impaired memory, insomnia, psychosis, and seizures. Stimulants can cause weight loss, physical deterioration, lethal seizures or cardiovascular failure, hostility, and feelings of paranoia.
Because people take so many prescription drugs when they are addicted, they may develop a tolerance for the drug over a period of time. As a result, it's common that they start taking more of the drug more often and even turn to other drugs because they find that the drug is no longer producing the same effect that it used to. In pain medication, this can be seen more noticeably when an addicted individual has developed such a tolerance to the drug from repeated abuse that they are no longer able to benefit from the pain relieving effects of the drug when it is properly used.
There are numerous treatment programs and options for those who have prescription drug addictions. However, the challenge with prescription drug addictions is that they can be harder to pinpoint because it can be difficult to determine if someone is abusing their prescription drugs. This is generally an addiction where a loved one has to intervene in order to help the affected individual.
This type of addiction is treated in specialized rehab facilities and clinics. They are staffed with a variety of different providers, such as counselors, physicians, psychologists, nurses, and social workers. The rehab is delivered in outpatient, inpatient, and residential settings. Specific treatment approaches are associated with a particular rehab setting. There are a number of therapeutic interventions or services that can be included in these circumstances.
Those who are need to attend drug addiction rehab must remember that medical detoxification is only the first stage of the addiction treatment itself. This does little to change the long term drug use on its own. Medical detoxification safely helps to manage the acute physical symptoms of withdrawal that are associated with stopping the use of drugs. Detoxification alone is generally never sufficient enough to help addicts achieve the abstinence that they need from their addiction. However, it is a strong precursor to ensure that the rehab experience is more effective. Rehab does not have to be voluntary in order to be effective; having strong motivation can be helpful in the treatment process, however. Additionally, remaining in the rehab program for a substantial amount of time is highly critical for the success and the effectiveness of the treatment and the program itself.