Cocaine is a drug that has been around long enough to have created a well established trafficking route throughout the entire world. Although powder cocaine is present throughout the world, crack cocaine does not have the same distribution. Powder cocaine is very addictive, but it has been said that crack cocaine is considered to have a faster and stronger power for causing addiction. One of the defining characteristics of addiction in this case is that the drug use become more important to the individual than any other aspect of their life.
Those who are seeking a rehab program for this drug need to find a long term program that will last longer than 90 days. According to the US National Institute on Drug Abuse, this type of program would be the best option for providing a long lasting recovery. In 2007 it was estimated that there were 2.1 million current cocaine users -- 610,000 of these users were suggested to be crack cocaine users. Adults from the age of 18 to 25 have the highest risk and rate of using cocaine than any other age group.
Cocaine's effects occur immediately after one dose and may disappear within a few minutes or an hour. The duration of the effect depends on how much the individual has taken, which is why some users are constantly using cocaine in order to try to mimic the effects that they used to have when they had first started using the drug. There are many different types of rehab treatments which can be used to help the individual, though the ones that are being used will depend based on the severity of the addiction itself. The long term effects of the addiction to this drug can include heart problems, weight loss, infectious diseases, psychosis, damage to the brain, and lung cancer.
This type of addiction is treated in specialized rehab facilities and clinics. They are staffed with a variety of different providers, such as counselors, physicians, psychologists, nurses, and social workers. The rehab is delivered in outpatient, inpatient, and residential settings. Specific treatment approaches are associated with a particular rehab setting. There are a number of therapeutic interventions or services that can be included in these circumstances.
Those who are needing to attend drug addiction rehab must remember that medical detoxification is only the first stage of the addiction treatment itself. This does little to change the long term drug use on its own. Medical detoxification safely helps to manage the acute physical symptoms of withdrawal that are associated with stopping the use of drugs. Detoxification alone is generally never sufficient enough to help addicts achieve the abstinence that they need from their addiction. However, it is a strong precursor to ensure that the rehab experience is more effective. Rehab does not have to be voluntary in order to be effective; having strong motivation can be helpful in the treatment process, however. Additionally, remaining in the rehab program for a substantial amount of time is highly critical for the success and the effectiveness of the treatment and the program itself.